- Routine vaccinations
- Strategic deworming and fecal egg counts
- Physical examinations
- Dental exams, power floating, wolf tooth extractions
- Digital Coggins Test (Equine Infectious Anemia)
- Digital Certificates of Veterinary Inspection (Health Certificates)
- Microchip Implantation
- Registry: PetLink.net
- Portable digital radiography (x-ray)
- In-House Bloodwork
- Complete Blood Count
- Serum Chemistry Panel
- Foal IgG SNAP testing
- Full service send-out lab for specialty testing and pathology
- Minor surgeries and castrations
- Laceration repair and wound care
- Pre-purchase exams
- Lameness exams
- Behavioral and nutrition consultation
*Currently, patients needing hospitalization will be referred to Tryon Equine Hospital in Columbus, NC or a university hospital.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a Coggins Test and does my horse need it?
A Coggins Test is a blood test for the equine infectious anemia (EIA) virus. In North Carolina, a negative test result is required for:
- All equids (horses, donkeys, mules) older than 6 months of age that travel into our state.
- All equids that are being traded, given away, or sold.
- Any equid being exhibited at a show/event, ridden for recreation, or assembling with other horses in a public place.
The test is only valid for 12 months in North Carolina, so horses must be retested annually. Some states require a test every 6 months for horses traveling into their state.
What vaccinations does my horse need?
There is no “one size fits all” approach to vaccine and deworming recommendations. Some common recommendations are listed below. We are glad to discuss a preventative health program that best protects your horse, based upon their risks of exposure.
We offer Boehringer Ingelheim’s Vetera vaccines, as well as Merial’s Imrab and Potomovac products.
- “Stay-At-Home Horses” – For one or two horses kept together and occasionally ridden in summer and fall.
- Spring: Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis, Tetanus, West Nile Virus, Rabies, Potomac Horse Fever
- “Traveling Horses” – Horses stabled at large barns, or traveling for competition or trail riding.
- Spring: Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis, Tetanus, West Nile Virus, Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis, Rabies, Potomac Horse Fever
- Fall: Rhinopneumonitis, Influenza
- If the animal is traveling south or to areas with mosquitoes are present throughout the year, West Nile, Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis should be boostered.
- Pregnant Mare Vaccinations
- Equine Herpes Virus Type I (EHV-1) can cause abortions in mares. Pregnant mares should be vaccinated at 5, 7, and 9 months of gestation. We offer Pneumabort-K +1b made by Zoetis.
- At 10 months of gestation, the mare should receive her annual vaccines (Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis, Tetanus, Influenza, West Nile Virus, Rabies).
- Foal Vaccinations
- 6 months – Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis, Tetanus, West Nile Virus, Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis, Rabies, Potomac Horse Fever
- 7 months – Boosters (Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis, Tetanus, West Nile Virus, Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis), Potomac Horse Fever
How often should I deworm my horse?
Parasite resistance is a growing problem in horses, largely due to overuse of dewormers. It is estimated that 80% of the worm burden in a herd of animals comes from only 20% of the animals. We recommend a fecal exam (fecal egg count) at least once annually, prior to deworming in the Spring to help identify the animals that have high egg counts. Information from this test will help us design a deworming program for your animal(s). Our standard deworming schedule for adult horses who are low egg-shedders is:
- Spring / April 1 : Use Moxidectin/Praziquantel (Quest Plus) for healthy horses over 6 months of age.
- Fall / Oct 1: Use Ivermectin/Praziquantel (Equimax or Zimecterin Gold)
The results of the fecal egg count may require additional treatments with different classes of dewormers. Contact us to discuss sample collection and how to submit the sample to us. Fecals are ran in-house for quick results.
Foal Deworming Schedule:
3 months old: Panacur or Safeguard
6 months old: Equimax or Zimectrin Gold
9 months old: Strongid
12 months old: Quest Plus
15 months old: Panacur or Safeguard
18 months old: Equimax or Zimectrin Gold
Then treat as an adult horse based on annual fecal egg count results.
When does my horse need his/her teeth floated?
Unlike humans and many other animal species, a horse’s teeth continuously grow. As the animal chews and grinds its feed, the teeth are worn down. Due to the design of the horse’s mouth, sharp points develop on the upper and lower teeth that can cause discomfort to your horse’s tongue and cheeks. These sharp points can be rasped away or “floated” by a veterinarian.
It is recommended to have your horse’s teeth evaluated annually to determine if the teeth need to be floated or if any other dental or gum issues are present. This can be done at the time vaccines are given. Additionally, if you notice weight loss, see that the animal is dropping feed or hay when eating, chews abnormally, or if the animal is having issues with their bit, consider having the teeth examined.
What are the normal vital signs for a horse?
- Temperature: 99°F -101°F (Newborns 99°F-102°F)
- Pulse: 28-44 beats per minute (Newborns 80-100 beats per minute)
- Respiration: 10-24 breaths per minute (Newborns 20-40 breaths per minute)
- Mucous membrane color (gum color): moist and pink
- Capillary refill time: it should take less than 2 seconds for the color to return to the gums after firmly pressing them with your thumb
- Gut sounds: gurgling and “tinkling” fluid sounds can be heard in the high and low flank on both sides